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Glossary

A

ACL

Access Control Lists

Information Workbench™ offers role-based ACLs. These lists determine which user can access which resource or can trigger and execute which action. Resources can easily and intuitively be shared.

Andreas Eberhart

Managing Director & Founder, responsible for the alignment of the international product strategy and management.

API Support

Our open interfaces ensure the reuse of the entire database.

AppCenter

The AppCenter allows direct interaction with our technologies in different use case scenarios. Technically experienced users provision their own systems and install apps. Go to AppCenter

Assessment

Phase 1 of our approach to data management. We use Information Workbench to create a list of data that provides an entire overview of your existing data sources At the end of the first phase, you precisely know the extent of your previously hidden data potential.

Authoring

Information Workbench supports editorial processes from research and creation of content to approval processes, publication and reuse of content.

B

Big Data Management

Optique provides scalable access to petabyte scale data sets. The app allows the semantic end-to-end connection between users and data sources, the seamless integration of data spread across multiple distributed data sources and rapid formulation of intuitive queries across multiple distributed data sources.

Bundesst@ts

The app integrates, interlinks and visualizes Open Data sources from the Web related to education policy in various German federal states. It is the result of a research project.

Business Process Management

eWorkflowModeler provides support for business process management within eCloudManager™. The app provides the possibility to model and execute business processes.

C

Cloning

As part of the Landscape as a Service concept eCloudManager clones and encapsulates existing landscapes which are automatically provisioned without any pre- or post-configuration steps.

CollabCloud

Past research project which had the goal to enable scalable access to distributed data.

Conference Explorer

App for semantic data integration in the conference domain.

Consolidation

Information Workbench integrates heterogeneous data sources and bridges the gap between previously isolated data silos. Data records are cleaned with the help of semantic mapping and consolidated in the next stage. This turns data into valuable information.

CORA

Past research project with the goal to develop an innovative cloud orchestration appliance.

D

Dashboards

Information Workbench provides customizable and user-defined dashboards and reports which provide deep insights into your data universe and your data center.

Data Catalog

For the evaluation and assessment of data sources, create a data catalog using Information Workbench, which gives an overview of existing data sources.

Data Exchange

Automated bi-directional data exchange between Information Workbench and other data sources.

Data Graph

Representation of semantic data.

Data Model (relational)

Data are stored in tables and have no meaning. As a result, no information is available. The integration of additional data sources is time-consuming and the maintenance of the integrated data base is an error-prone process.

Data Model (semantic)

Information Workbench stores meaning together with data and an ontology describes the logical realtions: Information is the result. The semantic data model is easily expandable. New data sources and their meaning can easily be added at anytime.

Data Models

We rely on a semantic data model. In comparison to the relational model, the semantic model is much more powerful. In the semantic data model, data is dynamic, smart and easy to reuse.

Data Potential

With our four-step approach in data management, you generate information out of data, turn it into knowledge, use it and thus create added value. This is how you leverage the full potential of your data universe.

Data Silos

Information Workbench integrates heterogeneous data sources, reveals inconsistencies, eliminates them and thus bridges previously isolated data silos.

D-Grid

Past research project which involved the expansion and commercial use of a D-Grid interface.

Durchblick

Current research project which aims at the development of a conference assistance system for augmented reality devices based on information Workbench.

E

Enterprise Cloud Ontology

The enterprise cloud ontology is available as download. It abstracts from vendor-specific representations, data sources and management APIs. The ontology builds the basis for the integration of all heterogeneous information from one data center into an integrated and unified semantic database. Go to ontology

Entity Reconciliation

The process of semantic data mapping: 1. Identification and integration of the same entities from different sources. 2. Alignment of data using a global ontology. 3. Creation of a logical layer & mapping of data sets.

eServiceProvider

App which assists service providers in planning, building and running cloud services.

EUCLID

EdUcational Curriculum for the usage of Linked Data

Past research project which aimed at facilitating professional training for data practitioners, who aim to use Linked Data in their daily work.

Exploration (visual and interactive)

Information Workbench provides extensive and customizable analysis and visualization capabilities, e.g. data browsing, slicing & dicing, maps, heat maps, tag clouds, charts, etc.

F

FedX

Scalable fluidOps™ solution for simultaneous access to distributed data sources through a virtualization layer. Multiple data sources can be integrated and transparently queried using SPARQL by leveraging FedX (see virtualized integration).

Flexibility

Our technologies are extremely flexible and scalable. The key to our flexibility is the decoupling of the systems and data consolidation. Our technologies flexibly respond to changing requirements or environments.

fluidOps ABC

Definition of our unique selling proposition based on the individual letters of our company name - flexible, linked, unique, individual, dynamic, open, powerful, smart

G

Gartner Cool Vendor

In 2010, Gartner named us Cool Vendor in the SAP® Ecosystem for the SAP Virtual Landscape capabilities of eCloudManager (see Awards).

GeoBusiness

Past research project in which we have developed a prototype of a real estate portal and a mobile application which semantically interlink freely available geographic information and statistical data. Both prototypes are based on Information Workbench.

Golden Image

Master template for creating enterprise application environments including network, VM and storage configurations (see Landscape as a Service™).

Golden Landscape

Predefined and ready to use enterprise application landscapes (see Landscape as a Service).

H

Hybrid Cloud Management

Using eCloudManager you build hybrid cloud environments that comply with corporate policies such as service level agreements (SLAs), costs etc.

I

IKS

In this past research project, we validated various versions of the IKS stack and in particular various components.

Inference

Conclusions from logical relationships.

IaaS

Infrastructure as a Service

eCloudManager provides IT infrastructures (Infrastructure as a Service), enterprise application landscapes (Landscape as a Service) and service extensions (e.g. patches, reports, etc.) as standardized services.

Integration (central)

Periodic extraction; integration from external data sources into a central repository. Arbitrary data formats are lifted to RDF.

Integration (virtualized)

Integration of heterogeneous and disparate data sources using SPARQL endpoints in the virtualized layer. Information Workbench accesses the virtualized layer.

IT costs

Our technologies reduce the total cost of ownership. Customers report that they achieve savings of 50% within a very short time period.

L

LaaS

Landscape as a Service

Our concept for automated provisioning of multi-tiered and complex enterprise application landscapes in the cloud without without any pre- or post-configuration steps.

Lifecycle Management

When coordinating complex processes and workflows within a certain time cycle, our technologies reduce the complexity on all levels and support the operation. Low overheads of synchronization result in time and cost savings.

Linked Data

Semantically interlinked data which can be derived from heterogeneous sources.

Linked Data in a Federation

see FedX

LOD

Linked Open Data

Freely available data sources on the Web which are linked together.

LOD Cloud

Freely available and interlinked data sets on different topics that are presented in the form of a cloud diagram. Go to the LOD Cloud

M

Mapping (semantic)

The semantic mapping consists of three steps: 1. Identification and alignment of entities from different sources. 2. Data alignment using a global ontology. 3. Generation of a logical view & mapping of data items. (see Entity Reconciliation)

Metadata Challenge

In 2012, Conference Explorer was 2nd place in the Metadata Challenge at the World Wide Web Conference.

Metadata

Data which include data about characteristics of other data, but it is not the data itself.

Monitoring

eCloudManager provides an integrated view of the entire data center including storage systems, physical and virtual infrastructures, networks, applications and business resources such as enterprise relevant data, technical documentations, knowledge bases and reports.

N

NewProt

The app is the result of a research project. It is used for building an interactive Self-Service Portal for protein engineering software and databases.

O

Ontology

Interlinked information with logical relations.

OpenCube

The app is the result of a research project and supports the work with statistical data.

OpenStack

One of the standards our technologies are based on. OpenStack provides a free architecture for cloud computing.

Open Data

Freely available data sources on the Web.

Open Source

We are actively working in open source communities, and support communities that drive technology standards forward (W3C, OSLC). Our technologies are based on semantic standards such as RDF, OpenStack, SPARQL, as well as the principles and methods of the Semantic Web.

Optique

The app is the result of a research project and provides a scalable end-user access to Big Data.

P

Provider

Data Provider: Are used to integrate data from heterogeneous data sources in Information Workbench. Provider convert data into the semantic RDF format and interlink them. We offer Data Provider for Active Directory, Open Data sources, etc.
Infrastructure Provider: Are used to integrate infrastructure data in Information Workbench. We offer nfrastructure provider for converged infrastructure, hypervisors, networks, physical blades, public clouds, storage systems, etc.

Provisioning

Using eCloudManager administrators provision IT resources such as storage systems, physical and virtual infrastructures, networks, applications as well as complex and multi-tiered landscapes. They link them with enterprise relevant data, technical documentations, knowledge bases and reports.

Q

Query

fluidOps technologies allow for the flexible access to data sources in the size of petabytes and the rapid formulation of intuitive queries across multiple distributed data sources. Queries are made with SPARQL, a graph-based query language for RDF data.

R

RDF

Resource Description Framework

It describes the semantic data model which bases on graphs. RDF data make statements about resources and these statements are modeled as follows: Subject, predicate, object.

ReApp

The app is a common repository for robotics applications and their reuse. The app is the result of a research project.

Reasoning

New knowledge is generated through a data graph by using an ontology. We develop domain specific ontologies in projects to model existing knowledge and derive facts. The ontology editor Protégé is the tool of our choice for modelling; established reasoner such as HermiT are used for knowledge extraction.

Reports

Information Workbench offers individual, customizable and end user defined dashboards and reports. These reports deliver deep insights into your data universe.

Research

We are strongly committed to research and work together with industry partners and universities in various projects across different industries.

Root-Cause Analyses

In the data center environment you identify risks, problems and potential for optimization using eCloudManager. You define rules that can automatically trigger actions. You immediately recognize how errors in storage systems affect your IT. You dramatically simplify and accelerate root-cause analyses and troubleshooting.

Rule Engine

eCloudManager offers a rule engine which allows administrators to set rules which execute actions.

S

SAPaaS

SAP® as a Service

eCloudManager monitors, manages and provisions complex SAP systems and landscapes in an automated fashion. This includes the auto-detection of SAP instances, the automatic retrieval of CCMS of Java monitoring information from the SAP systems, the one-click deployment of new SAP landscapes on-demand, and the seamless access to the deployed systems.

Saving Potential

Customers report that they release up to 30% of their time using our technologies and that they can achieve cost savings of up to 70,000,000 € per year.

Scalability

Information Workbench achieves an extreme scalability which goes far beyond traditional relational databases and reduces the turnaround time for information requests to minutes rather than days.

SDK

Software Development Kit

Our SDK offers various components for building apps. (Scripts, Best Practices, Documentation, Rules, Workflows, Provider, Widgets, etc.)

Self-Service Portal

fluidOps offers a fully customizable Self-Service Portal to provide infrastructure resources and enterprise application landscapes on-demand. End users consume these resources.

semantifying

Our corporate slogan.

Semantifying Business

Our corporate slogan.

Semantic Technologies

Automatically analyze and use any data as well as access and combine data flexibly.

Service Catalog

eCloudManager offers a service catalog for end users. With this service catalog, users select and deploy IT infrastructure, storage, complex enterprise application landscapes, service extensions and SLAs.

Sesame SAIL

Level of abstraction which can be used for Sesame extensions.

Smart Data

Information Workbench runs actions directly on the data objects and immediately triggers processes. You use this smart data to make targeted decisions.

SPARQL

SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language

It is the query language for RDF data.

Standards

We support communities which push forward technological standards (W3C, OSLC) and semantic standards (RDF, OpenStack, SPARQL, semantic web principles and methods).

Stefan Kraus

Managing Director & co-founder. He heads business operations and is responsible for finance and IT.

StratusCloud

Current research project for the dynamic and efficient integration of virtualized data sources in the cloud.

T

Troubleshooting

eCloudManager considerably simplifies and accelerates the troubleshooting because the administrator immediately recognizes links between resources and thus understands e.g. how errors in the storage systems affect the rest of the IT.

U

Ulrich Walther

Managing Director & co-founder. He is responsible for corporate strategy and investor relations.

V

Visualization

Information Workbench offers comprehensive and customizable analytic and visualization capabilities, e.g. data browsing, slicing & dicing, maps, heatmaps, tag clouds, charts, etc.

VL

Virtual Landscape

Isolated, logical grouping of several VMs containing connected applications which communicate with each other.

VL Concept

Virtual Landscape Concept

Our concept for the provisioning automation of complex and multi-tiered enterprise application landscapes in the cloud without any pre- or post-configuration steps.

VLM

Virtual Landscape Manager™

Essential part of Landscape as a Service. The VLM acts as gateway for the encapsulation of the VL. The VLM encapsulates the isolated landscape, controls the access to the landscape and offers services within the landscape.

Vision

We want to boost the efficiency of IT, software and data resources to a new level.

W

W3C

World Wide Web Consortium

Committee for standardized techniques in the World Wide Web. Go to the W3C

Widgets

Pre-defined components in the Information Workbench UI to display data in various formats, e.g. maps, heatmaps, tag clouds, charts etc.

X

Z

List of Abbreviations

ACL: Access Control Lists
API: Application Programming Interface
EUCLID: EdUcational Curriculum for the usage of Linked Data
IaaS: Infrastructure as a Service
LaaS: Landscape as a Service
LOD: Linked Open Data
RDF: Resource Description Framework
SDK: Software Development Kit
SPARQL: SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language
UI: User Interface
VL: Virtual Landscape
VLM: Virtual Landscape Manager™
W3C: World Wide Web Consortium
XaaS: Everything/Anything as a Service